Multiple pregnancies. Monozygotic and bicigotic twins
Multiple pregnancies are, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), in which two or more babies develop simultaneously in the uterus. In the human race, it is normal, or perhaps more common, to conceive children one by one, since a pregnancy of more than one embryo is considered out of the ordinary and is framed within high-risk pregnancies because they depart from “the normal”.
This does not mean, according to WHO, that they always have to be complicated, but they are more often associated with some complications or illnesses during pregnancy.
Multiple pregnancies are described, from Infogen, by two mechanisms. The first one results from the division of an egg into two or more identical ( monozygotic ) eggs, and the second when two or more ovules fertilized by two or more sperm cells creating different ( bicigotic ) eggs.
The monozygotic are identical twins. The development of these occurs when a fertilized egg divides in two during the first two weeks after conception. These monozygotic twins are also called identical twins.
On the other hand, bicigotic twins appear when two ovules are fertilized by a sperm each. Then, two separate amniotic sacs, two bags, and two placentas are formed.
For a multiple pregnancies to occur, the truth is that there are certain factors that could be related so that this occurs, such as inheritance, mature age, high parity (having had one or more previous pregnancies), and race (Native Asian and American women have the lowest rates of multiple pregnancies and Caucasians, for example, the highest rate of multiple pregnancies of more than two fetuses).
How to educate twin children?
The first thing that both the father and the mother should take into account is that each person’s personality is different, and also the aspects that will influence or already influence their formation.
These, however, do not have to develop differently from other children, but simply have a certain advantage over others, at least as far as interpersonal relationships are concerned. Why? Well, mainly because thanks to having a twin brother they learn before other children, of course, to share and learn a series of values as basic as empathy. In addition, it also helps them to have greater complicity.
To be able to educate well it is essential that there is a continuous effort to have very well established guidelines and standards at home, as in any home without twins.
So how should you educate at home if there are twins? To do it properly, one must first take into account the idiosyncrasy of each one of them, their personality for good development, their individuality and especially, never treat them as if they were a single person. It is important, therefore, that both feel different, but without breaking their bond.
What should be taken into account? Your identity and also that it is about united, but separate lives. Regarding identity, it is important to know that they cannot be treated as if they were a pack. We will have to address them as a “you”, but always without entering the “you”.
It is also important to take into account the personality of each of them and their personal tastes. As much as they go through the same evolutionary stages and at the same time they don’t have to have the same tastes nor the same interests.
As for the rules of the house, these should always be the same, but always with certain nuances depending mainly on the circumstances or things that arise in the day to day with each of them, and also learn to differentiate their things because although there are many toys that they have in common there will also be some that are not from one or the other, and the same will happen, for example, with school books.
A good idea to differentiate them is to place some distinctive mark on each personal object, and never typecast or label any of them, saying that one is more “such a thing …” than the other. There will be differences between the two and, of course, they will be brought to light, but never for being “one more than the other.”
Finally, and in terms of united, but separate lives, it will be completely necessary that the bond they have innate form preserve it, but that each one of them learns to live on their own so that both develop autonomously and there is no possibility that one is always in the shadow of the other.
That they also go to different classes as much as possible so that they can lead their own learning rhythms and even have different friends. That everyone has their own room is also good, since only in that way can each have their own privacy.
It is understood, therefore, that when educating twin boys and girls it is essential that the same lines of education be used with both, the same rules and consequences that would be made with brothers and sisters of the same age, but never ceasing to respect their own individuality and giving, of course, freedom of judgment and also of opinion to each one because, remember, they are not the same person.